# KIRCHHOFF’S VOLTAGE CURRENT LAWS

KIRCHHOFF’S VOLTAGE CURRENT LAWS (KVCL) simulator software is designed to help students to do practical exercises using LabVIEW simulation software and hence improve their troubleshooting skills. This simulation tool has series and parallel dc circuit configurations to test the principles of Kirchhoff’s voltage, current laws.

## Kirchhoff’s Circuit Laws

Kirchhoff’s Circuit Laws explain the behavior of circuit parameters for a given condition. You can find ample definitions and explanations in online resources.

## Kirchhoff’s Voltage Law

Kirchhoff’s Voltage Law states that the sum of the emfs (voltage sources) in a closed circuit is equal to the sum of potential drops (voltage drop). Hence, this concept can typically apply to a series circuit.

## Kirchhoff’s Current Law

Kirchhoff’s Current Law states that the algebraic sum of currents in a network of conductors meeting at a point is zero. That is, the sum of the currents entering this point is equal to the sum of currents leaving this point. This typically applies to a parallel circuit.

These concepts are simple when you identify the type of circuit, but students may find it difficult to apply these concepts to troubleshoot a complex circuit that has a combination of series and parallel components. Once you master the circuit concepts of series and parallel circuits, you should be able to work on complex circuits. This tool has a set of accompanying student exercises to practice and with your imagination, you can explore other possibilities in testing series and parallel circuits. It has a few in-built faults that you can select and help you to master your troubleshooting skills.